Commentary Excerpt by Tom Boomershine
These episodes of Jesus' final speech to his disciples are in response to a question from Judas. Note that the question does not come from Judas Iscariot. There are two Judas' identified in the various lists of disciples. This is the only occurrence of the Judas other than Judas Iscariot in the Gospel of John. He has previously been an unknown character.His question is, "Why are you going to reveal yourself to us and not to the world?"
The mnemonic structure of Jesus' response to Judas is first of all around the theme of"Those who love me will keep my word." In the two sentences of the first episode, as you can see, "Those who love me will keep my word; whoever does not love me does not keep my word." Recognizing this AB verbal thread in the first episode will help you remember it.
The second episode returns to the theme of "saying these things while I am with you and then the Advocate—the Holy Spirit whom the Father will send in my name—will teach you everything and remind you of all that I've said to you. There are no explicit verbal threads in this episode. The contrast is between the things that Jesus has said to them, and the things that the Advocate—the Holy Spirit—will say to them after Jesus is gone.
The next episode is focused on peace, on Jesus' gift of peace: "Peace I leave with you.My peace I give to you."
The fourth episode is Jesus' response to their being troubled: "Don't be troubled," "Don't let your hearts be troubled; don't let them be afraid," and "You heard me say to you I'm going away and I'm coming to you." This last comment is a reference to an earlier statement of Jesus prior to these episodes and returns to the theme of their anxiety and grief at the prospect of his death.
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